McDonald co-authors study on attitudes of Pakistanis toward people with intellectual disability

January 17, 2013

Attitudes of Pakistani Community Members and Staff Toward People with Intellectual Disability
Mazna Patka, Christopher B. Keys, David B. Henry, and Katherine E. McDonald
American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities 


The acceptance and inclusion of persons with intellectual disability can vary across cultures, and understanding attitudes can provide insight into such variation. To our knowledge, no previous study has explored attitudes toward people with intellectual disability among Pakistani community members and disability service providers. We administered the Community Living Attitudes Scale (Henry et al., 1996), a measure of attitudes toward people with intellectual disability developed in the United States, to 262 community members and 190 disability service providers in Pakistan. Confirmatory factor analysis found a 4-factor solution (empowerment, similarity, exclusion, and sheltering) fit the Pakistani sample. More positive attitudes were observed in staff serving people with intellectual disability, females, Christians, Hindus, Sunnis, and people with greater education. We discuss implications for research, theory, and practice.

Read the article